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Apr 14

Periodontal Treatment

Treating Gum Disease: Periodontology, or periodontics, is the branch of dentistry, which studies the supporting structures of teeth, known as the periodontium. It includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligaments. Periodontal diseases, which are the result of bacterial infection of the gums takes many forms. This disease is often seen as tooth loss and alveolar bone loss.

The cornerstone of successful periodontal treatment starts with establishing excellent oral hygiene. This includes twice daily brushing with daily flossing. Also the use of an interdental brush (called a Proxi-brush) is helpful if space between the teeth allows.

Persons with dexterity problems such as arthritis may find oral hygiene to be difficult and may require more frequent professional care and/or the use of a powered tooth brush.

Persons with periodontitis must realise that it is a chronic inflammatory disease and a lifelong regimen of excellent hygiene and professional maintenance care with a dentist/hygienist or periodontist is required to maintain affected teeth.